In 1986-87 Eilat Mazar excavated along with her grandfather prof. Benjamin Mazar at the Ophel (the biblical acropolis of First Temple Time period Jerusalem), on behalf of the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The results from their excavations are released in Qedem 29 (1989).
Since then, she has conducted numerous excavation seasons at the Ophel website, revealing 1st Temple Period of time monumental constructions, including a city gate, towers, and a royal composition, suggested by her to be element of the metropolis wall of Jerusalem, created during the 10th century by King Solomon, as explained in 1 Kings 3:1. In accordance to E. Mazar, "It implies that at that time, the tenth century, in Jerusalem there was a regime able of carrying out this sort of design."
Because 2009 the Ophel excavations and publications have been funded by Daniel Mintz and Meredith Berkman. Several college students from Herbert W. Armstrong University in Edmond, Oklahoma, have volunteered in these excavations, and participated in the subsequent processing of finds. Outstanding final results from the new Ophel excavations are presented at the net site proven by Mazar and the College: keytodavidscity.com. This is in continuation of a shut partnership in between the University and the Mazars, going again to the 1960s, at that time in association with her grandfather Benjamin Mazar's Temple Mount Excavations.